Receding gums is a condition whereby the margin of gum tissue that surrounds teeth begins to pull away from the teeth, exposing more of the teeth, or roots of the teeth. When receding gums occur, gaps form between the teeth and gum line, making it easier for bacteria to build up. If this dental condition is not taken care of properly, the gum, teeth and bone structures can be damaged. And, if unchecked, this may result in a person losing his or her teeth.
First signs of receding gums
When gum recession begins, the first signs are often tooth sensitivity or appearance of a tooth that is looking longer than normal. To be clear, if you notice these changes, it is not something that you should ignore. If you see that your gums are receding, you should see your dentist as soon as possible. There are several treatments that can prevent further damage and manage the gum recession.
Reasons why gums recede
There are many conditions associated with rum recession. These include smoking, grinding and clenching teeth, crooked teeth, misaligned bite, or trauma from improper brushing, flossing, oral hygiene aids, foreign objects, and piercing of the tongue or lip. Other reasons why your gums recede are: periodontal diseases, genes, lack of good oral hygiene and hormonal changes.
Don’t ignore gum recession
Keep in mind that gum recession is a complex matter. Once recession occurs, treatment can be complex. Clearly, it is not something you should ignore as prevention is the best cure. There are several effective treatments that can prevent further damage and that can repair the gums. If your gums are infected, that is a matter that needs urgent treatment. Over a period of time it can be associated with serious health concerns.
Types of surgery that treat gum recession
There are several surgical procedures that are used to treat gum recession. The starting point is always to arrest any inflammation or infection. These may include treatments geared to pocket depth reduction. When surgery is performed to reduce pocket depths, the dentist folds back the gum tissue, takes away the harmful bacteria from the pockets and then carefully secures the gum tissue in place over the tooth root to cover as much root as possible. The second type of treatments include surgery for regeneration of gum and bone. If the bone supporting your teeth has been destroyed because of gum recession, your dentist might be able to perform a procedure to regenerate the lost bone. This then provides a stable and durable base for gum to grow. A simpler regeneration procedure is known as the soft tissue graft. With this procedure, a piece of connective tissue is taken from the roof of the mouth and placed over the root and under the gum and then the layers are stitched back down over the root.
These procedures work best in cases where the recession is more localized.
Benefits of preventing and treating gum recession.
Healthy gums protect your teeth but they lead to other benefits as well, such as not having bad breath and having less risk complications of infection in the body. Tests appear to show that adults with gingivitis perform worse on memory tests and other cognitive skills.
In conclusion, gum recession is a sign that should not be overlooked. Find out more about this topic from your dentist.