Impacted teeth may cause other problems. They can get cavities. They can push against other teeth and cause loosening and movement. They may also cause tooth decay and gum disease around adjacent teeth. The pushing and movement they cause may affect the way your teeth come together. They may also cause cysts or other growths. Some symptoms that may occur are swelling of the gum where the tooth is growing in; pain or problem in the jaw when the jaw opens; pain or problem in the mouth when opening, chewing, or biting; and, bad breath and/or a bad taste. The pain may go away after several days and reappear some time later. Your dentist can examine and take an x-ray to diagnose the causes of the symptoms and if needed, perform a tooth extraction to treat the condition.
Treating an Impacted Tooth
Although the only way to prevent impacted wisdom teeth is to remove them before they become impacted, there are some measures that you can take to relieve some of the symptoms. Rinsing with a warm water solution, ½ teaspoon of salt in an 8 ounce glass of warm water, can soothe the area, increase circulation, and aid in draining the infection. Repeat four times a day for 34 days or as instructed by your dentist. Over the counter pain relievers can help with the pain. The best treatment for impacted wisdom teeth is extraction of the impacted tooth. If the pain continues, the infection worsens, or the incoming wisdom tooth interferes with the teeth around it, visit your dentist. An extraction usually takes from 5 to 30 minutes. If you do have an infection, your dentist will first prescribe antibiotics to get the infection under control. The dental surgeon will discuss with the patient the procedure and type of anesthesia that will be used before extracting the wisdom tooth. Follow the preoperative surgery instructions regarding eating and drinking of fluids and taking of prescribed medications before surgery. Postsurgery, there may be swelling and/or discoloration in the cheek and jaw for a week to 10 days. Compliance in following your postoperative instructions will help to facilitate a speedy recovery.
An impacted tooth may not have any symptoms but your dentist may remove it to prevent problems later on. Many patients may elect to have all four wisdom teeth removed at once. before the teeth start to come in in order to prevent future problems. Also, It may be better to have wisdom teeth removed before the patient is 21 because then the surgery is less complicated and the tissue and bone will heal better and faster. Consult with your dentist. The professional expertise that is offered will be what is best for your overall health.